俄罗斯世界杯投注官网

发表时间:2018-11-30内容来源:VOA英语学习网

Mexico says 98 Central American migrants are being deported after they tried to rush the U.S. border between Tijuana and San Diego on Sunday. That is the day U.S. agents fired tear gas at protesters on the Mexican side of the border after a demonstration there veered into chaos. U.S. border officials justified the use of force saying some of the protesters were throwing rocks. Whatever happened, there are images from the scene showing women and children fleeing clouds of tear gas. Yesterday, President Trump denied that tear gas was used on children. He threatened again to close the border with Mexico, quote, "permanently if need be." At the moment, thousands of migrants remain at that border wondering what their options are. And reporter James Frederick is in Tijuana. He has been covering this story and joins us. Good morning, James.

JAMES FREDERICK, BYLINE: Morning, David.

GREENE: Let's start with the migrants who did march toward the U.S. border involved in that clash. Where exactly are they now? The Mexican government is saying they're sending them home.

FREDERICK: Well, most of them are still here. So we don't have exact numbers for all of this. But, you know, as far as the total number of people who marched, it was, you know, just a portion of the almost 6,000 people from the migrant caravans who are here in Tijuana. And then of the, you know, roughly 1,000 people that were in the march, it wasn't all of them that rushed up to the border fence where we saw tear gas deployed. And so the people that Mexican officials say were being violent or aggressive, those are the ones they say were detained and have already been deported back to their home countries. But most of the people — you know, especially, you know, families, children that we saw there — are back in this city-run shelter in Tijuana.

GREENE: Well, I mean, there's still a lot of people it sounds like. What was it like yesterday? I mean, have things been more calm than they were over the weekend?

FREDERICK: Well, on Monday, things were quite calm in Tijuana and around the migrant shelter. But one thing was very different — is there were dozens of Mexican police officers that basically formed a perimeter around the migrant shelter. So migrants can still come in and out freely. But it's clear that Mexican authorities are trying to position themselves in a way that another large march can't be organized and that we don't see a repeat of the incident we saw on Sunday.

GREENE: And, James, here's the big question — what options are left for these migrants? Many of them want to apply for asylum in the United States. President Trump has said that, as those requests are processed, he doesn't want them inside the United States. What are their plans here?

FREDERICK: Well, the main sentiment from people that I spoke to is just, you know, confusion and desperation and doubt about what comes next. And so there are people who are requesting asylum. And they are intent on putting their names on this list here in Tijuana — that's basically a first come, first served. But that could be months of them waiting here. The other thing we know is that Mexican and U.S. officials have been discussing a plan called Remain in Mexico, which would make asylum-seekers who try to request asylum at the southern U.S. border to wait that entire process out in Mexico. That's months or even years. So you can imagine how frustrating that would be for someone to hear that they would wait in Mexico indefinitely for that asylum request. You know, the other interesting thing that I heard a lot is that the state government here in Baja California has been offering migrants the opportunity to get a one-year visa and to get a job here. And so a lot of people are doing that thinking, you know, maybe I'll stay here in Tijuana for a while and figure things out and then see what shakes out in terms of immigration policy.

GREENE: Reporter James Frederick speaking to us from Tijuana, Mexico. James, we appreciate it.

FREDERICK: Thanks, David.

参考译文:

墨西哥表示,98名中美洲移民将被驱逐出境,因为这些移民上周日试图冲过蒂华纳与圣地亚哥之间的边界。那一天,在示威演变成骚乱后,美国执法人员向墨西哥一侧边境的抗议者发射了催泪瓦斯。美国边境官员辩解称,动用武力是因为一些抗议者投掷了石块。无论发生了什么,现场画面显示女性和儿童在逃离催泪瓦斯的烟雾。昨天,特朗普总统否认对儿童使用了催泪瓦斯。他再次威胁关闭美墨边境,称“如有必要,将永久关闭边境”。目前,仍有数千名移民滞留在美墨边境,他们想知道自己有何选择。记者詹姆斯·弗雷德里克现在在蒂华纳。他一直在报道相关新闻,现在他将和我们连线。早上好,詹姆斯。

詹姆斯·弗雷德里克连线:早上好,大卫。

格林:我们首先关注一下那些向美国行进并卷入冲突中的移民。他们现在到底在哪里?墨西哥政府表示将遣返这些移民。

弗雷德里克:大多数移民仍在边境附近。目前我们不知道具体有多少移民滞留在边境。但是,就行进的总人数来说,在近6000名大篷车移民中只有一部分人抵达了蒂华纳。这批移民中约有1000人试图冲破边境围栏,随后美国动用了催泪瓦斯,并不是所有移民都如此激进。墨西哥官员表示,那些暴力或具攻击性的人已被逮捕并遣返回自己的国家。但是大多数移民,尤其是我们现在看到的这些家庭和儿童回到了蒂华纳市运营的避难所。

格林:听起来还有很多移民留了下来。那昨天情况怎么样?与周末相比,事态有所平息吗?

弗雷德里克:周一时,蒂华纳和避难所附近相当平静。但是有一点不同,数十名墨西哥警察在移民避难所附近设了个界线。移民仍可以自由进出。但是很明显,墨西哥有关部门在试图进行部署,以避免另一场大规模行进,周日发生的事件没有再次上演。

格林:詹姆斯,有个重要的问题,这些移民有哪些选择?他们中有许多人都想在美国申请庇护。这些申请已经在处理,但是特朗普总统表示,他不希望这些移民进入美国。他们有什么计划?

弗雷德里克:从我采访的情况来看,他们对接下来的事情感到困惑、绝望和疑虑。有些人在申请庇护。他们决心在蒂华纳提交申请,这基本上相当于先到先得。不过他们可能要在这里等待数个月。另外,我们了解到墨西哥和美国官员一直在就“留在墨西哥”计划进行讨论,该计划要求在美国南部边境申请庇护的寻求庇护者在墨西哥等待审理结果。审理过程可能持续数个月或数年之久。你可以想象,人们得知要在墨西哥无限期等待庇护申请的结果时有多沮丧。我经常听到的另外一件值得注意的事情是,墨西哥下加利福尼亚州政府为移民提供了可获得一年签证并在当地工作的机会。因此,许多人在想,也许我可以留在蒂华纳一段时间,把事情理清楚,看看移民政策如何变化。

格林:以上是记者詹姆斯·弗雷德里克从墨西哥蒂华纳带来的报道。詹姆斯,非常谢谢你。谢谢。

弗雷德里克:谢谢你,大卫。

来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.discjockeydirectory.com/18/11/NPR30104813qe.html