俄罗斯世界杯投注官网

发表时间:2018-12-29内容来源:VOA英语学习网

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Whenever you hear about oil, the word OPEC isn't far behind. OPEC stands for the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries.

It's a group of 12 nations that have a lot of clout in the energy market because they produce about 1/3 of the world's total oil and exports it around the globe. That's about 30 million barrels of oil every single day. It was formed in 1960. The goal, to coordinate oil production to ensure that members are pumping enough supply to meet demand.

If all 12 countries play by the rules, it can help to regulate and stabilize global oil prices. But there's also plenty of major oil producing nations that are not part of the OPEC club including the United States, Canada and Mexico and Russia. And they don't attend OPEC meetings and as such they're not bound by the cartel's decisions. And as these nations have increased their production over the past few years, OPEC's influence in the market has plunged.

There's now an excess of oil supply which has pushed down prices significantly. The price drop has caused political problems in some OPEC countries that rely on oil sales heavily to fund their governments. Well, OPEC's grip on oil may be getting weaker, but it also means lower prices at pumps around the world.

CARL AZUZ, CNN 10 ANCHOR: We started with that today because it helps us explaIn the News that Qatar, a Middle Eastern country who's economy is heavily dependent on oil and natural gas sales, is pulling out of OPEC.

Here's why that's significant. For one thing, it's a set back for the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. OPEC currently has 15 members. It will be down to 14 when Qatar officially leaves on January 1st and this comes at a time when OPEC is trying to increase it's membership. Over the past two years, the African countries of Congo and Equatorial Guinea have joined OPEC. One analyst says, Qatar's departure will reduce OPEC's oil production to where it was before the two new members signed up.

There's also an issue of timing. OPEC's members and other major producers of oil are scheduled to meet this week to talk about reducing their production. They want oil prices to be higher. Some experts say Qatar's withdraw from OPEC probably won't have a major effective on the oil market but others say it could cause complications within OPEC.

But why is Qatar leaving? It's been a member of OPEC for almost 60 years.

Last year, several Arab countries including some other members of OPEC cut off their trade and diplomatic relationships with Qatar. They said it was because of Qatar's support for terrorist groups. Qatar has denied doing that but it's also increased it's production of natural gas to help it's economy. OPEC doesn't oversee natural gas production and Qatar's a major producer of it. In fact, it's largely because of natural gas production that Qatar has one of the highest per capita income levels in the world.

身份不明的女性:在谈到石油的时候,不得不提欧佩克。欧佩克的全称是石油输出国组织。

欧佩克由12个在能源市场有极大影响力的国家组成,这些国家的石油产量占世界产量的三分之一,所生产石油出口至世界各地。欧佩克国家的石油产量约为每日3000万桶。欧佩克成立于1960年。其目标是协调石油生产,以确保成员国提供的供应足以满足需求。

如果所有12个成员国都遵守规则,那将有助于调节并稳定全球石油价格。但是还有很多主要产油国没有加入欧佩克,比如美国、加拿大、墨西哥和俄罗斯,这些国家不出席欧佩克会议,也不受欧佩克决定的制约。近几年,这些国家增加了石油产量,导致欧佩克在能源市场的影响力日渐式微。

现在,石油供应过剩导致价格大幅下跌。而价格下跌又引发了一些欧佩克成员国的政治问题,这些国家的政府资金严重依赖于石油销售。欧佩克对石油的控制力可能日益削弱,但这同时意味着世界各地的油价也在下降。

CNN10分钟新闻主持人卡尔·阿祖兹我们今天首先介绍了一下欧佩克的情况,这助于我们了解卡塔尔将退出欧佩克这一决定,这个中东国家的经济严重依赖于石油和天然气销售。

下面来解释一下为什么这一决定具有重要意义。其一,这对石油输出国组织来说是个挫折。欧佩克现在有15个成员国。卡塔将于1月1日正式退出欧佩克,届时将剩下14个成员国,而欧佩克正在努力扩大成员国。过去两年,非洲国家刚果和赤道几内亚加入了欧佩克。一名分析人士表示,卡塔尔的离开会将欧佩克的石油产量降低至两名新成员加入之前的水平。

时间点也是值得关注的问题。欧佩克成员国和其他主要产油国计划本周举行会谈,就减少产量展开讨论。他们希望提升石油价格。一些专家表示,卡塔尔退出欧佩克可能不会对石油市场产生重要影响,但是其他人认为,此举可能在欧佩克内部引发并发症。

可是,卡塔尔为什么要退出?该国已加入欧佩克近60年。

去年,包括一些欧佩克成员国在内,许多阿拉伯国家断绝了与卡塔尔的贸易和外交关系。这些国家表示,断绝关系是因为卡塔尔支持恐怖组织。卡塔尔否认了这一指控,同时增加了天然气的产量以扶持经济。欧佩克不负责监管天然气产量,而卡塔尔是主要天然气生产国。实际上,卡塔尔是世界人均收入最高的国家之一,而这在很大程度上得益于天然气生产。

来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.discjockeydirectory.com/18/12/CNN29092008jr.html