俄罗斯世界杯投注官网

发表时间:2018-02-21内容来源:VOA英语学习网
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[00:00.10]unit 7

[00:1.00]25 The Spirit of Explorers

[00:2.00]Viking voyages to america

[00:3.00]The Vikings were the first Europeans who reached America.

[00:4.00]They achieved this long before Columbus ever set sail.

[00:5.00]The Vikings were a group of people who originated from Scandinavia.

[00:6.00]They dominated the seas and coasts of Northern Europe

[00:7.00]between the 8th and 10th centuries AD.

[00:8.00]By around 900AD,there were mnay places in Northern Europe

[00:9.00]where the Viking chose to live.

[00:10.00]In 982AD,when a man called Eric the Red decided to set sail further west,

[00:11.00]there were as many as 10,000 Vikings living Iceland.

[00:12.00]According to the legends of Iceland and Norway,

[00:13.00]Eric the Red was forced to leave Iceland because he had committed a murder,

[00:14.00]for which he got into trouble.

[00:15.00]Eric reached Greenland

[00:16.00]and discovered that the place where he landed could be colonised.

[00:17.00]He returned to Iceland and told people there about Greenland.

[00:18.00]He persuaded some people to go back with him to Greenland.

[00:19.00]Eric set sail once again,this time with 25 ships,

[00:20.00]of which only 14 made it to Greenland.

[00:21.00]Not long after Eric the Red had landed in Greenland,

[00:22.00]a man called Biarni set sail from Iceland in search of Eric's party.

[00:23.00]Biarni was hoping to join his father who was with Eric,

[00:24.00]but he was blown off course and found himself in an unknown land,

[00:25.00]from where he eventually reached Greenland.

[00:26.00]In the year 1002,when Eric the Red's son Leif was planning a trip further west,

[00:27.00]Biarni was the man with whom Leif discussed his plans.

[00:28.00]Leif followed Biarni's directions

[00:29.00]and sailed to what is believed to be the coast of presentday Canada.

[00:30.00]He then sailed further south to an island which he named Vinland

[00:31.00]but is now known as Newfoundland.

[00:32.00]We know about Eric the Red and Leif's deeds

[00:33.00]through legends which were written down centuries later in Norway and Iceland.

[00:34.00]They are the first records we have of Europeans sailing to America.

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