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发表时间:2018-07-10内容来源:VOA英语学习网

PROGRAMME 17

第一部分对话:吃早饭

Dialogue l

英语情景对话1

墨尔本一位商人正在和妻子一起吃早饭,吃过早饭他就要到佩思去了。这段对话是分两段播出的。

WIFE:What time do you make it?

HUSBAND:It's…um…twenty past seven.

WIFE:You have to leave at eight o'clock, don't you?

HUSBAND: Yes. The taxi's coming at eight. And the plane leaves at ten past nine.

WIFE:Well,you're running late. When do you get to Perth?

HUSBAND: About half past eleven.

WIFE: Half past eleven? Only two and a half hours from Melbourne to Perth? It's over 3,400 kilometres to Perth.

HUSBAND:Half past eleven Perth time! That's half past one Melbourne time.

WIFE:Oh yes... the time zones.I forgot...

HUSBAND:Hmm…well, I've got some meetings this afternoon.I'll phone you this evening after six o'clock.six o'clock Perth time!

Dialogue 2

英语情景对话2

后来,在丈夫动身之前,妻子说起几天以前见到一个朋友的事,这段对话也是分两段播出的。

WIFE:By the way,I forgot to tell you. I saw Mary Lee the other day.

HUSBAND:0h?When Was that?

WIFE:Mmm-I think it was the day before yesterday.

HUSBAND: How is she?

WIFE: Fine. She's coming to see us next Saturday. With the kids.

HUSBAND: All the kids?

WIFE: Hm... yes.

HUSBAND:All the noisy kids?

WIFE: Well...

HUSBAND: I think I'll stay in Adelaide!* Anyway, what time is it?

WIFE: It's nearly eight o'clock.

HUSBAND: I'd better hurry.

*丈夫本来就计划在从佩思返回墨尔本的途中在阿得雷德停一停。

广播里还有商人与妻子的一段对话,和商人与他的老板的一段对话,他们讨论了与这次旅行有关的其它事情。

请注意:从这一讲开始,John和Barbara将直接用英语请你跟他们作口头练习。

第二部分:英语词汇表达

the day after tomorrow 后天

the day before yesterday 前天

a kid 孩子(多用于口语

the other day 几天以前

Perth time 佩思时间

a time zone 时区

arrive 到达

depart 离开

hope 希望

phone 打电话

return home 回家

I'd better hurry 我还是快点儿吧

over 3,400 km 三千四百多公里

until 直到

What time do you make it? 你的表几点啦?

When do you get to Perth? 什么时候到达佩思?

When was that? 那是什么时候?

You're running late 要晚了(意思是:按照预定的时间,需要加快动作,否则就来不及了。)

NAMES

Granger (姓)

Reynolds (姓)(商人或行政人员之间,在提到别人的时候,往往只说姓。)

Mary (女子名)

Adelaide 阿得雷德,南澳大利亚州首府

Melbourne 墨尔本,维多利亚州首府

Perth 佩思,两澳大利皿州首府

澳大利亚的三个时区

AEST= Australian Eastern Standard Time澳大利亚东部标准时间

CAST=Central Australian Standard Time澳大利亚中部标准时间

WAST=Western Australian Standard Time澳大利亚西部标准时间

(与北京时间相同)

第三部分:课程

TIME时间

1.关于时间的问答

What's the time?

(It's) one o'clock.

What time is it?

(It's) ten past seven.

Do you know what time it is?

Do you know what the time is?

(It's) half past seven.

Can you tell me the time, please?

(It's) twenty to eight.

What time do you make it?

(It's/I make it) a quarter past nine.

以上这些说法,在问时间或告诉时间的时侯,都是常用的。如果你想对表,往往用最后一种说法问,不过这种说法主要用于熟人,而不用于生入。回答的时候,如果用I make it,就表示你对自己的表准不准也没有把握。

2.表示几点几分,有两种说法。例如:

9.10 ten past nine或:nine ten

1.30 half past one或:one thirty

3.40 twenty to four或:three forty

注意:

如涉及计划、时间表等,第二种说法用得较多。

在用第一种说法的时候,除了表示五分、十分、二十分、二十五分,都要把minutes说出来。例如:

11.07 seven minute past eleven

11.59 one minute to twelve

6.05 five past six

8.40 twenty to nine

3.表示一天之中的某一段时间,可以说:

a)THIS morning/afternoon/evening

这几个短语可以用于现在:

(It's 10 a.m.) It's hot this morning

可以用于过去:

(It's 4 p.m.)I saw her this morning

也可以用于将来:

(It's 7 a.m.)I'm going to* do the shopping this morning

This afternoon和this evening也可以用于上述各种情况。

如果不说this evening,那么可以说tonight.例如:

I'll see you this evening.

I'll see you tonight.

*关于to be going to以及其他表示将来的说法,详见第23讲。

b) IN THE morning/afternoon/evening

这几个短语可以用在具体时间之后,例如:

The plane departs at twenty-five past six in the morning(或at 6.25 a.m..).

It arrives at six minutes to three in the afternoon(或at 2.54 p.m..).

It departs again at a quarter to eight in the evening(或at 7.45 p.m..).

也可以不与具体时间连用,笼统地指一天之中的某一段时间。例如:

I leave home in the morning and return home in the evening.

在night前面要用at,而不用in the

例如:

We like going out at night.

前天、昨天、今天、明天、后天是这样表示的:

The day before yesterday

Yesterday

TODAY

Tomorrow

The day after tomorrow

注意:

the other day泛指几天以前,这是个很有用的短语。

5.年、月、周也是用类似的方法来表示的。

例如:

The week before last 上上周

Last week 上周

THIS WEEK 本周

Next week 下周

The week after next 下下周

Today week= 下个星期的今天

On Monday week= 下下星期一

Today fortnight= 两个星期以后的今天

Tomorrow week= 下个星期的明天

PRONUNCIATION CORNER

请按下列标记练习连读:

one o'clock. two o'clock

three o'clock four o'clock

请注意重读符号,读出节奏来:

At seven o'clock in the evening

At nine o'clock in the morning

At four o'clock in the afternoon

请重复作上面的练习,既注意连读,又注意重读和节奏。

来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.discjockeydirectory.com/html/20180710/572611.html