美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

VOA慢速英语:科学家冒着高温和气体的危险研究夏威夷火山2018-07-17
The eruptions that began at the Kilauea volcano in the American state of Hawaii on May 3 are the second longest in the volcano’s history. But scientists say it may be the best chance for them to better understand how volcanoes work.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家:蜘蛛利用电场在空气中移动2018-07-16
A new study found that spiders react to electric fields to move through the air with the help of their webbing.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:x射线技术帮助恢复19世纪丢失的名画2018-07-14
Scientists in Canada say they have found a new way to recover lost images from the first photographic process, which was used in the 1830s. The new method uses X-ray technology and light imaging to help save images damaged by the effects of aging.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家在海洋中发现疑似陨石碎片2018-07-14
Scientists think they found pieces of a meteor that fell into the Pacific Ocean in March.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:辛辛那提动物园一只小河马成网红老师2018-07-14
Animal experts thought a hippopotamus named Fiona would never survive when she was born two months early and severely underweight in 2017. Now she is the star of several educational books.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:北极航运增加对动物造成威胁2018-07-07
The melting of Arctic ice has created more shipping lanes and threats to the animals that live there.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:AI制作假俄罗斯世界杯投注官网已可乱真2018-07-06
New technology is making it possible for people to make realistic videos of people appearing to say things they never actually said. The deepfake videos can be created with technology that uses face mapping and artificial intelligence to produce false vid
VOA慢速英语:研究人员:气候变暖导致危险的海藻泛滥2018-07-04
Rising temperatures on the planet are leading to the sudden, fast growth of dangerous plant life in drinking water supplies across the United States.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:日本宇宙飞船经三年飞行抵达小行星表面2018-06-29
The spacecraft will blow a crater into the surface to collect rocks.
VOA慢速英语:利用人工智能追踪世界上的野生动物2018-06-29
Machine learning is a form of artificial intelligence. American scientists are turning to machine learning technology to follow and study the movements of birds and other wildlife.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:科学家们观察到巨大的星系团的诞生2018-06-26
Observations of a huge group of galaxies slowly crashing together could change what scientists had believed about the early history of our universe.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:抗生素耐药性已从动物迅速传染给人2018-06-26
New research has shown that genetic changes in pathogens affect people and animals around the world in just a few years. The research suggests these genetic changes probably spread from a pig farm in China.
VOA慢速英语:2018年谷歌I/O大会发布十大新功能2018-06-26
Google used its yearly developers’ conference to announce a series of new features designed to make devices smarter and more useful.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:风暴和潮汐冲刷出哈特岛的无名尸骨2018-06-26
Storms and other natural forces have revealed the remains of the New Yorkers who died poor and were buried on Hart Island over the last 150 years.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国加州太阳能强制令:2020年后新房必须装太阳能2018-06-26
California has become the first U.S. state to approve plans to require newly-built homes to include solar equipment.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国军医成功地将新左耳移植到士兵手臂上2018-06-26
Army doctors in Texas have successfully transplanted a new left ear on a soldier. The ear was grown in the soldier’s lower arm. The procedure is the first of its kind for the U.S. Army. It involved doctors taking cartilage from the soldier’s ribs. The car
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家:破坏臭氧的化学物质含量再次上升2018-06-26
Scientists have found evidence that a now-banned chemical that eats away at Earth’s protective surface is once again rising. The chemical is a man-made chlorofluorocarbon, also known as CFC. An international treaty was signed in 1987 in an effort to end o
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家利用技术改变生物基因2018-06-26
Scientists are using new advances in artificial technology to change human biology.
VOA慢速英语:美国大麻供大于求价格走低2018-06-26
An oversupply of marijuana has led to sharply lower prices for the drug in the western American state of Oregon. However, it is also forcing producers to re-think what they are growing.
VOA慢速英语:瑞典测试电动车边跑边充电公路2018-06-26
A group of Swedish companies is developing and testing new technology that can charge electric vehicles as they travel down the road.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:木星的卫星木卫二或是生命的首选2018-06-26
Scientists recently reexamined observations of Jupiter’s moon Europa from 1997. They say that data may show evidence of life in oceans under the moon’s frozen surface.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究:人类只占地球生命体之沧海一粟2018-06-26
When you consider all life on Earth, billions of human beings are a relatively small number when compared to trees, earthworms or even viruses.
VOA慢速英语:普及农场智能设备可大大减少化学品的使用2018-06-26
Several companies are experimenting with the use of artificial intelligence in agriculture that can help farmers save time and money, while reducing environment-harming chemicals.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:新型药丸结合生物学、电子学以识别疾病2018-06-26
Scientists have developed a small pill for patients to swallow. It mixes synthetic biology and electronics to find bleeding in the stomach and other parts of the digestive tract.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:研究表明:温室气体使食物缺乏营养2018-06-26
A new study has found that climate change will lower the nutrition levels of crops.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家发现太阳系中最古老的天体2018-06-26
Scientists believe that a number of objects in our solar system actually came from other star systems. Now researchers believe they have discovered the oldest alien object.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:NASA在火星上发现了与生命有关的“有机”物质2018-06-26
NASA says its Mars vehicle has discovered carbon-based substances that support the case that life could have existed on the red planet. Scientists reported NASA’s Curiosity rover found possible building blocks of life in an ancient lakebed.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:一具极为罕见的恐龙骨架以230万美元的价格拍出2018-06-26
The skeleton of an extremely rare kind of dinosaur has sold for $2.3 million during an auction in Paris, France.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国青少年弃用Facebook转向YouTube、Instagram和Snapchat2018-06-26
A new study finds the number of American teenagers using Facebook is dropping as many turn to YouTube, Instagram and Snapchat.
VOA慢速英语:气候变化威胁阿萨特古岛上野马栖息地2018-06-26
Assateague Island is a protected island popular for its beaches and wild horses. But changing weather threatens its future.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:科学家疑似发现三种影响人类进化的基因2018-06-26
Scientists have identified three genes that may have helped humans develop the ability to use reason, language and memory.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:新技术有望帮助瘫痪患者重新行走2018-06-26
An accident, a disease or other health problems leave more than 15 million people a year paralyzed. They have lost control of their legs and are unable to walk.
VOA慢速英语:谷歌不再允许其人工智能技术参与武器研发2018-06-26
Google says it will not permit its artificial intelligence (AI) technology to be used in any activities involving weapons. The decision was one of several new ethical policies designed to guide the company’s AI work in the future.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:绿色和平:南极洲普遍存在塑料和化学污染2018-06-26
The environmental organization Greenpeace recently found small samples of plastic and chemical pollution in Antarctica’s snow and seawater.
VOA慢速英语:史上第一次人机大战:谁赢了?2018-06-26
Computers are increasingly competing against humans to see whether man or machine is smarter. In the latest demonstration of artificial intelligence, a computer went up against two humans in a live, public debate.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:数百名“平民科学家”欲助蜜蜂渡过危机2018-06-26
Bumblebees have become far less common in the part of the United States known as the Pacific Northwest. Now amateur scientists are being sent to investigate why.
VOA慢速英语:新的NASA火星任务将深入研究行星表面2018-05-05
NASA is sending a robotic scientist to dig deeper than ever before, to study the planet’s geological activity.
VOA慢速英语:Facebook添加约会应用Oculus Go2018-05-04
Facebook has announced it will add a dating service to its growing list of new products. Zuckerberg said the new service would be coming soon. He noted that the service will aim to help users build long-term relationships, not just hookups.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕[翻译]:能吃塑料的物质将有助减少污染2018-05-01
A new discovery of a substance that breaks down plastic may lead to a solution to the growing worldwide problem of plastic waste.
VOA慢速英语:Facebook公开其完整内容指南2018-04-27
Facebook has published detailed guidelines for what users can and cannot post on the social media service. The guidelines follow demands that Facebook make company policies clear to users so they can better protect their private data.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:日本工程师建造了他梦想中的巨型机器人2018-04-24
An engineer in Japan with a love for the animation series Mobile Suite Gundam builds a huge robot inspired by it.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:沙特阿拉伯发现9万年前古代手指骨化石2018-04-23
The middle bone of an adult’s middle finger were unearthed in the Nefud Desert of Saudi Arabia. It was found in an area called Al Wusta. Testing has dated the fossilized remains to about 90,000 years ago.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:“智能农场”高科技追踪奶牛的行为2018-04-20
A Dutch company has developed a high-tech system that follows the movements and activities of cows. Devices placed on the cows can help predict when a cow gets sick, becomes less productive or is ready to breed.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:组织培养年轻的非洲科学家成为“下一个爱因斯坦”2018-04-17
Established in 2013, the Next Einstein Forum provides support to young researchers across the African continent. Organizers say this year’s event was the largest-ever gathering of scientists in Africa.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:新技术从河流和潮汐运动中获取能量2018-04-16
The creators feel their technology could be useful for small, rural communities.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:机器人给建筑业带来了变化2018-04-14
Construction is an industry that has not been as quick as others to make use of new technologies such as robotics. But that is starting to change with several companies creating construction machinery that operates itself.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:美国国会议员要求加强监管facebook2018-04-13
U.S. lawmakers have demanded that Facebook take more steps to protect the privacy of its users. Some even raised the possibility of regulating social media networks.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:日光将薄的塑料屏障变成了杀菌材料2018-04-13
Scientists have developed membranes that produce small amount of hydrogen peroxide when placed in daylight. Hydrogen peroxide, a liquid sold in drug stores, can help destroy harmful organisms.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:研究人员:银河系中心存在许多黑洞2018-04-12
Scientists say they found the center of the Milky Way is full of black holes, confirming earlier theories.
VOA慢速英语:NASA将发射新宇宙飞船探索宇宙2018-04-10
In the next few weeks, the United States space agency NASA will launch the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite, also known as TESS. Agency officials say TESS will intensify NASA’s search for planets orbiting distant stars.
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