美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:健康问题影响美国人寿命2017-04-18
Americans spend more on health care than most other people. Yet a new study shows that life expectancy in the United States is falling behind other developed countries.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:儿童免疫措施将大幅提升2017-04-18
International donors have promised more than four billion dollars to the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization. That group, known as the GAVI Alliance, held a pledging conference Monday in London.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:艾滋病家庭儿童面临严重心理健康问题2017-04-18
Thirty years ago this week, public health officials in the United States reported on the first cases of what came to be known as AIDS. There is growing progress against the epidemic of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:Study of Paralyzed Man May Offer Hope for New Treatment2017-04-18
Rob Summers of Portland, Oregon, is twenty-five years old and a former college athlete. In July of two thousand six he was hit by a car. Doctors told him he would never walk again.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:警惕慢性乙肝袭击2017-04-18
In the late nineties, he helped launch the Astrobiology Institute at NASA. He was at a space agency conference in California in April when he died, apparently of a heart attack. Baruch Blumberg was eighty-five years old.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:早期治疗可以抑制HIV传播2017-04-18
Many studies have been showing that the earlier you start, the better it is for the person who is infected. This study shows that not only is it better for the person who is infected, but it helps that person from transmitting to the person that's their
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:慢性疾病成为一些国家即将面临的灾难2017-04-18
When we think of threats to public health, we often think of communicable diseases. But experts say non-communicable diseases those that do not spread from person to person are the leading killer today. These are often the result of poor diet, environment
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:睡眠窒息症会加大中风和心脏病发作风险2017-04-18
Most people who snore do not have sleep apnea. But doctors say most people with sleep apnea do snore. Sleep apnea not only reduces sleep quality and makes people feel tired during the day. More and more studies show that it can also lead to strokes and he
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:超级病毒可能全球传播2017-04-18
Scientists say they have found dangerous forms of bacteria in the drinking water of New Delhi, India. The bacteria has a gene scientists call New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase, or NDM-1. The gene is dangerous because it can make bacteria resistant to antib
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:你对普通感冒了解多少?2017-04-18
Ranit Mishori is a family medicine doctor at Georgetown University Medical Center in Washington. She says colds are more common in winter, but not because of low temperatures. The cold weather just means people stay inside more.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:A New Reason for Why the Deaf May Have Trouble Reading2017-04-18
Deaf people may have no trouble communicating English words through American Sign Language, or ASL. But studies of ASL users show that, on average, educated deaf adults are likely to read at the level of a nine-year-old.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速英语附字幕:自动水龙头病菌滋生成为免疫力低下人群隐患2017-04-18
Automatic faucets use an electronic sensor to start and stop the flow of water when people wash their hands. These faucets save a lot of water, which is one reason they are found in busy public bathrooms. Another reason is because of concerns about the sp
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:治疗辐射伤害缺乏有效方法2017-04-18
Countries across Asia and beyond are reporting small amounts of radiation from the disabled nuclear reactors in Japan. But officials say these levels are not a threat to public health.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:早期乳腺癌治疗方法可能出现变化2017-04-18
Have you ever felt lumps under the skin on the sides of your neck when you were sick? Those might be lymph nodes. They can get swollen and painful but their job is to fight infection. Lymph nodes are part of the body's defenses known as the lymphatic sys
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:日本核危机引发人们对辐射担忧2017-04-18
The crisis at the damaged Fukushima Dai-Ichi Nuclear Power Station in northern Japan has raised worries about radiation risks. We spoke Tuesday with Jonathan Links, an expert in radiation health sciences. He is a professor at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg S
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语附字幕:掌握多门语言的人是否更聪明2017-04-18
In the early nineteen fifties, researchers found that people scored lower on intelligence tests if they spoke more than one language. Research in the sixties found the opposite. Bilingual people score higher than people who speak only one language. So whi
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:手机信号是否对大脑有害?2017-04-18
So far, no studies have proven beyond question that the radio signals from cell phones cause brain cancer or other health problems. But a new study by government scientists in the United States has some people wondering what to think.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:消灭携带疟原虫蚊子更安全的方法2017-04-18
Israeli researchers say they have developed a substance that attracts and kills mosquitoes infected with the malaria parasite. However, the sweet smelling substance is said to be harmless to people and animals.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA慢速讲解附字幕:世卫组织称酗酒是全球性问题2017-04-18
The World Health Organization says alcohol abuse is the third leading cause of death and disability in the world. A new WHO report says the harmful use of alcohol kills two and one-half million people a year. And officials say action is needed to reduce t
voa慢速英语:A Fatter World,Yet Fewer Cases of High...2017-04-18
Last week a study of one hundred ninety-nine countries and territories confirmed what many people may have already noticed. People around the world are getting fatter. The study found that obesity has almost doubled since nineteen eighty.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语附字幕:手指严重受伤的判断和处理2017-04-18
Forceful bleeding and bright red blood are dangerous signs of a deep cut. Dr. Brown says there are different medical products that can help stop the bleeding. One example is Gelfoam.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:手指受伤不容忽视2017-04-18
Hospital emergency rooms treat injured fingers all the time. Without treatment, a bad cut can lead to permanent damage. But how should a person know when a bleeding cut is serious enough to require medical attention?
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:世界公共卫生资源面临短缺2017-04-18
The World Health Organization says it has reached a limit in its fight against diseases and disasters. Director-General Margaret Chan says the agency is overextended" and faces serious funding shortfalls. Dr. Chan says the WHO is no longer operating at t
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:被枪击女议员恢复状况良好2017-04-18
On Saturday in Tucson, Arizona, a gunman opened fire on a small crowd meeting outdoors with a congresswoman. Six people were killed and fourteen were wounded, including the representative, Gabrielle Giffords.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:铁和维生素D使孩子更聪明2017-04-18
Many people have low iron in their blood. But pregnant women need extra iron for their own health and their baby's health. Iron is important to the development of a baby's brain and central nervous system.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:体温过低的急救要点2017-04-18
We talked last week about ways to avoid cold-weather injuries. Today we are going to talk about emergency treatment of hypothermia.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:快乐可以在陌生人中间传播2017-04-18
What makes people happier: money or having happy friends and neighbors? Researchers from Harvard University and the University of California, San Diego, have found an answer as part of a study.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:幼儿托儿所感染疾病不需过分担心2017-04-18
When parents go to work, their young children often spend the day in child care. That contact with other children can make it easier to get sick. But new research suggests that this might have a protective effect a few years later when children start scho
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:研究人员发现检查自闭症新方法2017-04-18
Doctors currently identify autism disorders by observing behavior. Autism affects social and communication skills. It usually first appears in young children.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:全世界艾滋病防治取得重大进展2017-04-18
Wednesday is December first, World AIDS Day. This year, experts are reporting more signs of success in halting the AIDS epidemic. The number of AIDS-related deaths and the number of new infections are both decreasing.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:医疗债务每年使1亿人陷入贫困2017-04-18
The problem is greatest in countries where people must often pay directly for services. A new report says these costs push one hundred million people into poverty each year.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:世卫组织考虑更多禁烟措施2017-04-18
Delegates from around the world are meeting this week in Uruguay to consider new ways to control tobacco. A World Health Organization treaty called the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control took effect five years ago. More than one hundred seventy gover
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:海地霍乱爆发压力巨大2017-04-18
An outbreak of cholera in Haiti continues to spread sickness and worry. Health officials are worried that the capital could suffer a major outbreak of the disease.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:疟疾,应该消灭还是控制?2017-04-18
Malaria kills about one million people a year and sickens another two hundred fifty million. Most of the deaths are in young children in Africa. Malaria causes twenty percent of childhood deaths in Africa.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:Obesity Becomes a Big Killer in India2017-04-18
Malnutrition remains a serious problem for India. But a new study shows that India's leading causes of death now also include obesity-related diseases such as heart disease. The Registrar General of India released the report last month.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:加强沟通,减少医疗事故2017-04-18
No one wants a pilot to make a mistake. This is why flight crews are trained in teamwork and communication. Now a study finds hospitals that trained their operating room teams had a lower rate of surgical deaths than other hospitals.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:Turning Images Into Sensations to Assist the Blind2017-04-18
Years ago, scientists began to learn that certain parts of the brain had certain duties. For example, one part was responsible for breathing; another dealt with the sense of smell.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:夫妻争吵方式预测未来婚姻2017-04-18
Rachel Valltos and Evan Sapperstein are dentists who share an office and a life together. In nine years of marriage, they have built not just a successful dental practice, but also a family.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:使用公厕后洗手人数增加2017-04-18
Every few years, two groups do a study of how many Americans wash their hands after using the toilet. These groups are the American Society for Microbiology and the American Cleaning Institute, formerly the Soap and Detergent Association.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:New Findings on Surgery for Women With...2017-04-18
Every year, one million women around the world are found to have breast cancer. Almost two hundred thousand others are told they have ovarian cancer.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:Groups Seek 4 Billion for Child Vaccines2017-04-18
Vaccines and chest compressions are both ways to save lives. Now, separate new reports say each could save more lives if they were used more.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:Bringing Attention to Differences in...2017-04-18
This Friday is World Suicide Prevention Day. This year's observance is meant to bring attention to the differences among suicidal individuals and their situations around the world.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:保护牙齿,从婴儿做起2017-04-18
Bad teeth can be painful and worse. They can even be deadly. Infections of the gums and teeth can release bacteria into the blood system. Those bacteria can increase the chances of a heart attack or stroke and worsen the effects of other diseases. And adu
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:专家呼吁努力对抗贫困国家癌症2017-04-18
Health experts are calling for action to expand cancer care and control in the developing world. A paper published by the medical journal Lancet says cancer was once thought of mostly as a problem in the developed world. But it says cancer is now a leadin
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:美国女孩进入青春期年龄提前2017-04-18
I noticed around the end of two thousand eight, I think she's getting breasts. This is ridiculous, she's seven, and I thought I was crazy. So, when we went for our annual check-up, I asked the doctor if I was right. And she said, Yeah, she has breast bu
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:研究称流产后不需推迟怀孕时间2017-04-18
A miscarriage is the natural loss of a pregnancy before the twentieth week. This happens to as many as twenty percent of known pregnancies.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:母乳喂养:母亲和婴儿互相了解的方式2017-04-18
This is World Breastfeeding Week. The celebration is now in its nineteenth year. It grew out of a meeting organized by UNICEF to find ways to support breastfeeding.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:纪念《美国残疾人法案》20周年2017-04-18
Congress passed the law to bar discrimination against people with physical or mental disabilities. The ADA governs employers, transportation systems and public places, including hotels and other businesses.
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:南非宣布应对艾滋病新武器2017-04-18
South African researchers at the international AIDS conference in Vienna, Austria have announced major progress in the fight against the disease. The researchers say their study shows a vaginal gel substance reduced the risk of HIV infection among women w
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语讲解附字幕:美国出台抗击艾滋病新计划2017-04-18
Researchers, policy makers and activists are busy preparing for the International AIDS Conference. The next conference begins Sunday in Vienna, Austria.

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