美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语新闻讲解:包皮环切术可降低乳头瘤病毒的感染率2017-04-18
Male Circumcision Reduces Chances of Human Papillomavirus This is the VOA Special English Health Report. Male circumcision is the cutting off of a small amount of skin from the tip of the penis. In m
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语新闻讲解:加快治疗肺结核的一些研究2017-04-18
This is the VOA Special English Health Report.Tuberculosis killed one million three hundred thousand people around the world in two thousand seven. In addition, almost half a million people who were
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:关于偏头痛的一些新发现2017-04-18
This is the VOA Special English Health Report. A migraine headache can cause disabling pain. People may not feel back to normal for hours or even days.Migraine headaches are most common among young a
该音频有LRC字幕 voa慢速英语:关于手指长度的发现2017-04-18
This is the VOA Special English Health Report. Is there meaning in the length of a finger? An eighteen ninety-three guidebook called "Modern Etiquette in Public and Private" had this to say: "Long fin
voa慢速英语:Young Peoples' Risky Behavior on Social Network Sites2017-04-18
Researchers say more than half of young people who use MySpace often discuss high-risk behaviors. Two studies of the social networking site recently appeared in the Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine.
voa慢速英语:Teens, Television, and Depression2017-04-18
A new study suggests that the more teenagers watch television, the more likely they are to develop depression as young adults. But the extent to which TV may or may not be to blame is a question that the study leaves unanswered.
voa慢速英语:Researchers Look Behind the Tears to Study Crying2017-04-18
Politics is an emotional business. Still, many people found themselves unusually moved by the historic presidential inauguration last week in Washington. Watching the huge crowds, we saw laughter, cheers, hugs -- but also many tears.
voa慢速英语:Something a Bone Will Never Say: Give Me a Break2017-04-18
This is the VOA Special English Health Report.

The medical term for a broken bone is a fracture. But there are different kinds of fractures.

X-ray of a fracture

A single fracture is when a bone is br
voa慢速英语:How Strangers Can Make You Happy2017-04-18
This is the VOA Special English Health Report. What makes people happier: money or having happy friends and neighbors? Researchers from Harvard University and the University of California, San Diego,
voa慢速英语:Wising Up About Wisdom Teeth2017-04-18
This is the VOA Special English Health Report.

Wisdom teeth are normally the last teeth to appear in the mouth. It usually happens when people are older and wiser. That is, when they are in their late
VOA Special English:City Has a Lot Fewer Heart Attacks After ...2017-04-18
City Has a Lot Fewer Heart Attacks After Smoking BanThis is the VOA Special English Health Report.More than twenty of the fifty American states ban smoking in public places. Many other states have par
voa慢速英语:In Treating Hypothermia, Slow and Gentle Are Best2017-04-18
This is the VOA Special English Health Report.We talked last week about ways to avoid hypothermia and other cold-weather injuries. Today we are going to talk about emergency treatment.Hypothermia can
voa慢速英语:Want to Stay Warm in the Winter? Think COLD2017-04-18
This is the VOA Special English Health Report.



Winter in many places means ice skating, sledding and snowball fights. But unless someone is prepared, outdoor fun can also mean frostbite and hypother
voa慢速英语:Simple Measures Can Prevent Injuries to Children2017-04-18
Simple Measures Can Prevent Injuries to ChildrenThis is the VOA Special English Health Report.

Every day, more than two thousand children worldwide die from accidental injury. Each year, as many as t
voa慢速英语:Scientists See Progress on a Dengue Vaccine2017-04-18
This is the VOA Special English Health Report.

Dengue fever is sometimes called "break-bone fever." It produces intense pain in the muscles and join
voa慢速英语:Study Looks at Mental Disorders in ...2017-04-18








Study Looks at Mental Disorders in College-Age Adults

This is the VOA Special English Health Report.

A new study in the United States says mental disorders appear to be common in college-age adul
voa慢速英语:Feeling No Pain: The World of Anesthesia2017-04-18








This is the VOA Special English Health Report.

Anesthesia is used during operations and other medical procedures to block pain signals from traveling through the nervous system. The kind of anest
voa慢速英语:Health: Keeping Ears Clean2017-04-18












This is the VOA Special English Health Report.

Some people's ears produce wax like busy little bees. This can be a problem even though earwax appears to serve an important purpose.

Experts sa
voa慢速英语:Obama Team Reviews Bush's Order on Stem Cells2017-04-18












Obama Team Reviews Bush's Order on Stem Cells President Bush restricted federal money for research on embryonic stem cells. The president-elect supports expanded funding. Transcript of radio b
voa慢速英语:Treating Anxiety Disorders in Children2017-04-18












Treating Anxiety Disorders in Children | Long-Term Risks of Teen Alcohol Use Talk therapy and medicine together worked better for unhealthy fears than either alone in a recent study of young pe
[VOA健康报道]Study Finds Treatment Cured Sickle Cell in 9 Adults2017-04-18
Last week, researchers in the United States reported curing nine adults with sickle cell disease. Ten patients in all were treated in a study with donated bone marrow. The healthy marrow causes new blood cells to form.
[VOA健康报道]'Gelotophobia' Is No Laughing Matter2017-04-18
Shy people often avoid situations that force close contact with other people. They worry that something they say or do will make others laugh at them.
[VOA健康报道]Experts Say as AIDS Epidemic Changes, So Should Prevention Efforts2017-04-18
Experts say new H.I.V. infections have fallen by seventeen percent since two thousand one. Estimates for sub-Saharan Africa are down by about fifteen percent. In East Asia new infections with the virus that causes AIDS have decreased almost twenty-five pe
[VOA健康报道]Screening for Breast, Cervical Cancer: The New Advice2017-04-18
Sometimes new health advice conflicts with old advice. Yet new guidelines last week for breast cancer testing in the United States created a storm of debate. The advice came from experts who are appointed by the government to develop guidelines for preven
[VOA健康报道]Debate Over New Guidelines for Breast Cancer Screening2017-04-18
On Monday, an influential group of medical experts released new guidelines on testing for breast cancer. The guidelines are from the United States Preventive Services Task Force. Its members are appointed by the government but its recommendations are inde
[VOA健康报道]A Test for Brain Injury Creates Its Own Risks in Children2017-04-18
A concussion happens when the brain is shaken, often in a car crash or a fall or a strike to the head in sports. Concussions can be mild, but doctors may order a CT scan to look for a more serious injury. Computed tomography provides a detailed image of t
[VOA健康报道]Punishment or Reward: Which Works Better on Behavior?2017-04-18
Two recent studies have found that punishment is not the best way to influence behavior.
[VOA健康报道]Three Scientists Win Nobel Prize in Medicine2017-04-18
Three scientists based in the United States have won the two thousand nine Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. They are being honored for their work in the nineteen eighties about the health of cells and the aging process.
[VOA健康报道]Understanding Down Syndrome2017-04-18
Human genes are normally organized along forty-six chromosomes in our cells, twenty-three from each parent.But some people are born with an extra copy of the twenty-first chromosome. This third copy is a result of a mistake in cell division. The name for
[VOA健康报道]Doctors Are Advised on Treating a Hoarse Voice2017-04-18
Experts say about one in three people will become hoarse at some point in their lives. In the United States alone, an estimated twenty million are affected at any given time.
[VOA健康报道]Study Links Aspirin to Colon Cancer Survival2017-04-18
People since ancient times have used aspirin-like medicines to fight pain and reduce high body temperature.
[VOA健康报道]Battling a Stroke, and the Clock2017-04-18
Strokes are a major cause of death and disability. A stroke is a loss of blood flow in the brain. There are two kinds. An ischemic stroke happens when a blood vessel in the brain gets blocked. A hemorrhagic, or bleeding, stroke happens when a blood vessel
[VOA健康报道]Pregnant Women at Greater Danger From H1N1 Flu2017-04-18
The H1N1 flu virus that has spread around the world is especially risky for pregnant women. If they become infected, especially after the first three months of pregnancy, they can get very sick or even die. Cases of fetal death have also been reported.
[VOA健康报道]South Africa Tests AIDS Vaccine2017-04-18
Thirty-six volunteers in South Africa will test the safety of an African-developed vaccine against H.I.V. The tests are the first step in human clinical trials of two vaccine candidates developed at the University of Cape Town.
[VOA健康报道]Researchers Take a Closer Look at Energy Drinks2017-04-18
You could fill a store with all the energy drinks now available. They promise to make people feel more energetic and think more clearly. These products have names like Red Bull, Monster, Ripped Force, Speed Stack and 5-Hour Energy. They appeal mainly to y
[VOA健康报道]Biomarkers Show Little Help in Predicting Heart Disease2017-04-18
Over the years, researchers have identified several substances in the blood that can serve as what they call cardiac biomarkers. These are used to measure the presence and development of cardiovascular disease.
[VOA健康报道]Studying in the US: Foreign Graduates and Jobs2017-04-18
We answered a question last week about how American college students find jobs after they graduate. Now, we discuss foreign graduates. The process for employing foreign workers in the United States is long. It involves different government agencies. It al
[VOA健康报道]An 1859 Battle in Italy, and the Birth of the Red Cross2017-04-18
The International Red Cross Movement grew out of a major battle in the unification of Italy. The Battle of Solferino took place one hundred fifty years ago, in June of eighteen fifty-nine. This past week, volunteers from Red Cross and Red Crescent societi
[VOA健康报道]New Study Disputes 'Depression Gene' Finding2017-04-18
We all know that some people do not seem as emotionally strong as others when life gets difficult. But why is that? A study published in two thousand three in the journal Science offered an answer.
[VOA健康报道]Health Report - Connecting Africa's Health Workers2017-04-18
The United Nations is seeking to improve electronic communication for health workers in Africa. Workers in rural areas would have a better way to get training, information and advice from doctors hundreds or even thousands of kilometers away.
[VOA健康报道]Health Report - WHO Close to Declaring Flu Pandemic2017-04-18
As of Tuesday, seventy-three countries had reported more than twenty-six thousand cases of the new H1N1 flu virus. A World Health Organization official, Keiji Fukuda, said these confirmed cases included two hundred forty-nine deaths.
[VOA健康报道]Health Report - Smoking and the Risk to Women's Lungs2017-04-18
C.O.P.D., chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, blocks airflow through the lungs. It makes breathing difficult. The leading cause is cigarette smoking. Experts at the National Institutes of Health in the United States say the damage to the lungs cannot b
[VOA健康报道]Education Report - Studying in the US: A Lesson in Personal Finance, Part 22017-04-18
With bondholders refusing to swap debt for a 10-percent stake, the largest U.S. automaker General Motors Corps. has been pushed closer to a bankruptcy filing.
[VOA健康报道]Health Report - Hands-Only CPR Is a Simpler Way to Save Lives2017-04-18
If a person's heart stops, would you know how to perform CPR? CPR, or cardiopulmonary resuscitation, can save a life and reduce the risk of brain damage from loss of oxygen.
[VOA健康报道]Health Report - US Eases H1N1 Flu Policy for Schools2017-04-18
By Caty Weaver

2009-5-5

This is the VOA Special English Health Report.

More than twenty countries have found cases of the new H1N1 influenza virus. In all around one thousand five hundred cases and
[VOA健康报道] Health Report - United States and Mexico Battle Swine Flu2017-04-18
The virus is believed to have sickened at least two thousand people there. Mexican health officials suspect at least one hundred fifty-two people have died from swine flu. Many of those who died were young adults who were healthy before they became infect
[VOA健康报道] The Global Snakebite Initiative Is Working to Improve Treatment for Victims2017-04-18
Poisonous snakebites are common in rural areas of many developing countries with hot climates. Many victims are agricultural workers and children in Asia and southern Africa. Shortages of antivenom medicines, the treatment for snakebite, are common there.
[VOA健康报道] Health Report - New Test Could Speed Tuberculosis Results2017-04-18
Tuberculosis killed one million three hundred thousand people around the world in two thousand seven. In addition, almost half a million people who were infected with tuberculosis and with H.I.V. also died. Those were listed as H.I.V. deaths.
[VOA健康报道] Health Report - Happy Thoughts for Future = More Time to Live It?2017-04-18
Findings from a new study were presented at a recent meeting of the American Psychosomatic Society. Researchers in the United States studied one hundred thousand women during an eight-year period, beginning in nineteen ninety-four.
[VOA健康报道]Health: Now, an Update on Those New Year's Resolutions2017-04-18
Type two diabetes is common in people who eat too much and exercise too little and those with a family history of it. Smoking is another risk factor. But quitting smoking may carry a temporary risk.

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