美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。

美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国针对朝鲜半岛无核化推出制裁措施2018-09-05
In an effort to encourage the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, or North Korea, to dismantle its nuclear weapons program, the United Nations Security Council last year passed Resolution 2375, which imposes sanctions on North Korea.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:帮助尼日利亚打击腐败和完善卫生状况2018-09-04
The U.S. Agency for International Development, or USAID, recently announced additional assistance to support achieving the goals outlined in the bilateral Development Objectives Assistance Agreement between the U.S. and Nigerian governments signed in 2015
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:投资亚美尼亚、阿塞拜疆和格鲁吉亚2018-09-02
Executive Vice President of the U.S. government's Overseas Private Investment Corporation, OPIC, David Bohigian and other U.S. government officials traveled to Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia this month to promote U.S. investment in those countries.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:稳定叙利亚局势的努力正在发挥作用2018-09-01
The enduring defeat of ISIS remains a top priority for the United States. The U.S.-led Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS is leading stabilization efforts that consolidate military gains, restore basic essential services, and enable Syrians to voluntarily an
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:津巴布韦法院支持选举结果2018-08-31
Zimbabwe has a new president. Emmerson Mnangagwa was officially sworn in on August 27 following a ruling by the Constitutional Court declaring Mr. Mnangagwa the winner of the July 30 presidential election.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:庞培任命比根为朝鲜问题特别代表2018-08-30
Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has named Steve Biegun as special representative for North Korea. He will direct U.S. policy towards North Korea and lead efforts to achieve President Donald Trump's goal of the final, fully verified denuclearization of Nor
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国谴责委内瑞拉的政治暴力2018-08-26
On August 4, explosives aboard two drones flying near Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro as he spoke in Caracas were detonated. Seven people were injured. Maduro has used the incident as a pretext to crack down on Venezuela's opposition by unleashing th
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国副总统彭斯:美国需建立太空部队2018-08-26
The first steps are being taken to establish a Space Force as the sixth branch of the American armed forces. The ultimate objective, said Vice President Mike Pence in a recent speech at the Pentagon, is to create a new branch of our military that is separ
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:刚果民主共和国或实现权力和平过渡2018-08-23
The Democratic Republic of the Congo will hold an election in December, hopefully leading to a peaceful democratic transfer of power for the first time in the country's history.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:俄罗斯关注太空技术的发展2018-08-23
Outer space is a frontier that inspires us and unites us more than anything else, declared Assistant Secretary for Arms Control, Verification and Compliance Dr. Yleem Poblete. And as we continue to push further into our own solar system, new businesses an
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国将卡西姆·阿卜杜拉·阿里·艾哈迈德定性为危险恐怖分子2018-08-23
The Department of State has designated Qassim Abdullah Ali Ahmed, also known as Qassim al-Muamen, as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist under Executive Order 13224. This designation imposes sanctions on foreign persons who have committed, or pose a s
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:人道主义援助埃塞俄比亚2018-08-15
Ethiopia has been suffering the effects of a devastating series of droughts, which began three years ago when the El Niño weather pattern caused higher temperatures in this country of 100 million people.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:伊朗和叙利亚再次违反《核不扩散条约》或《禁化武公约》2018-08-15
In a recent speech in Washington addressing the previous or current violations of either the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty or the Chemical Weapons Convention by the regimes of Syria and Iran, Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of Arms Control,
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国国际开发署支持宗教自由2018-08-15
Why would a U.S. Government agency specializing in administering civilian foreign aid and development assistance, concern itself with religious freedom in the countries where it works?
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国国际开发署发布新工作指引2018-08-15
The U.S. Agency for International Development, or USAID, is reorienting its development work around two very simple principles. First, the purpose of our foreign assistance must be ending its need to exist, said USAID Administrator Mark Green.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:致力提高东南亚的安全2018-08-13
The United States is committed to a strategy of a free and open Indo- Pacific region, and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, or ASEAN, is central to that strategy.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国再次对伊朗实施制裁2018-08-12
As promised, President Donald Trump has re-imposed a series of U.S. nuclear-related sanctions on Iran that had been lifted under the nuclear deal, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:特朗普欲加强与欧盟的贸易合作2018-08-11
What President Donald Trump called a breakthrough on trade occurred when European Commission President Jean-Claude Junker sat down with Mr. Trump at the White House for a discussion that has eased tensions between the world's two largest trading partners
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:关于新宗教自由的倡议2018-08-09
Many believers of different faiths have suffered grievously at the hands of ISIS, including Muslims, Christians, Druze, and others, said Vice President Mike Pence at the Ministerial to Advance Religious Freedom.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:俄罗斯入侵格鲁吉亚十周年2018-08-09
The conflict pitted 70,000 Russian troops against Georgia's army of about 10,000 soldiers and another 10,000 reservists. Needless to say, the war did not last long—it was over by August 12.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:欧洲宗教自由状况令人担忧2018-08-09
Religious freedom is often called America's first freedom. It is the first freedom America's founders included in the U.S. Constitution's Bill of Rights. Speaking at the recently concluded Ministerial to Advance Religious Freedom, Vice President Mike P
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国敦促土耳其释放美国牧师2018-08-09
Vice President Mike Pence paid tribute to Pastor Brunson at the recent Ministerial to Advance Religious Freedom, describing him as an American citizen who's lived in Turkey for more than two decades, raising his family there, and sharing the Gospel of Je
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:加强与非洲的商业合作2018-08-08
U.S. Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross and a delegation from the President's Advisory Council on Doing Business in Africa announced over 1 billion dollars in private-sector deals during their recent mission to four sub-Saharan African nations.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:纪念辛加尔大屠杀2018-08-07
August third marks the anniversary of the assault by ISIS terrorists on the Yezidi community in northern Iraq, during which they sought to destroy this people and their culture. The brutality of the events marked both a disaster for the Yezidi community,
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:推进马拉维教育发展2018-08-04
As part of its efforts to combat HIV, the United States intends to provide up to $90 million to build secondary schools across Malawi and additional funding to provide youth friendly health services.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国:伊朗宗教迫害严重2018-08-03
The recent Ministerial to Advance Religious Freedom, hosted by the United States in Washington, discussed ways to combat religious persecution and ensure greater respect for religious freedom. Among the topics of discussion was Iran.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:遏制恐怖分子的活动能力2018-08-03
Terrorists like to travel. Terrorist groups like ISIS and al-Qa'ida depend on travel, said Ambassador-at-Large and Coordinator for Counterterrorism Nathan Sales to Trans-Atlantic alliance partners at a recent conference hosted by the German Marshall Fund
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:为塞拉利昂埃博拉幸存者提供更多帮助2018-08-03
As Sierra Leone recovers from the Ebola Epidemic of 2014-2016, the most widespread outbreak of the disease in history, the country's Ministry of Health and Sanitation is helping families to find the graves of those who perished.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:竭力制止美国毒品泛滥2018-08-03
The United States is in the midst of its most severe drug epidemic since the 1980s. In 2016, nearly 64,000 people died from drug overdoses, and over 30 percent of those deaths involved a synthetic opioid like fentanyl
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:伊朗领导人背叛了伊朗人民2018-07-30
Speaking at the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library in California, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo had a message for the people of Iran who have suffered for almost 40 years under tyranny:
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国再次拒绝承认俄罗斯吞并克里米亚2018-07-30
In a written statement issued on July 25th, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo clearly and unequivocally rejected any possibility that the United States will accept Russia's attempted annexation of Ukraine's Crimean Peninsula.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国举行史上第一次促进宗教自由的部长级会议2018-07-30
It's a right a government is instituted to protect...Not to pick a winner or loser; not to favor one over another.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国:俄罗斯扼杀新闻自由和媒体独立2018-07-14
The U.S., said State Department spokesperson Heather Nauert, condemn(s) the selective targeting of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, or(RFE/RL), and Voice of America, or (VOA), under Russia's law on foreign agent' media outlets.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:摩苏尔解放一周年2018-07-14
One year ago July 10, the city of Mosul, ISIS's self-declared capital in Iraq, was liberated from ISIS by Iraqi Security Forces.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国国务卿庞培造访朝鲜讨论无核化2018-07-14
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo recently concluded another trip to North Korea to meet with government officials to discuss denuclearization. During a press conference in Tokyo Secretary Pompeo said, Let me make clear, North Korea reaffirmed its commi
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国制裁尼加拉瓜官员2018-07-14
The United States has imposed sanctions on three Nicaraguan individuals with connections to the government who are involved in serious human rights abuses and corruption. The actions were taken in connection with the ongoing crisis in Nicaragua, including
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国支持欧洲能源的多样性2018-07-14
At the recent World Gas Conference in Washington, the U.S. reinforced the fundamental importance of countries and regions employing a diverse combination of fuels, source countries, and delivery routes to enhance their energy security.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:伊朗没有对人口贩卖采取行动2018-07-11
Once again, Iran is ranked with some of the worst places in the world in terms of the fight against human trafficking – the buying and selling of men, women and children in the labor and commercial sex markets.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国继续向伊朗施压2018-07-11
The United States is set to apply maximum economic and diplomatic pressure on Iran to induce Iran's leaders to change their destabilizing policies, including their support for terrorism, missile proliferation, and impoverishment of the Iranian people.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:阿富汗政府与塔利班欲通过谈判实现和平2018-07-10
In Afghanistan, President Ashraf Ghani announced the end of the Afghan government's unilateral cease-fire. Despite President Ghani's historic offer to extend the ceasefire another ten days, the Taliban did not extend its own participation past the Eid f
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:缅甸人口贩运再次恶化2018-07-10
In the 2018 Trafficking in Persons, or TIP, Report, Burma was downgraded to Tier 3 for the second time in three years. It had been on a Tier 2 Watch List in 2017.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:国副总统彭斯在危地马拉发表讲话2018-07-08
The United States is facing a crisis of illegal immigration on its southern border, said Vice President Mike Pence during a recent speech in Guatemala. The majority of migrants are coming from Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:从地方基层打击人口贩卖2018-07-08
Every year, the United States Department of State issues the Trafficking in Persons Report, or TIP Report, which evaluates the anti-trafficking efforts of 187 countries and territories, including the United States. The report places them on one of four ti
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:2018年人口贩运报告2018-07-06
Trafficking in persons, or modern slavery, is a crime that involves the exploitation of a human being for the purposes of compelled labor or a commercial sex act through the use of force, fraud, or coercion, or the use of a child in the commercial sex ind
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:2018年的美国独立日2018-07-05
Today, the United States of America celebrates its birthday. It is a commemoration of the day in 1776 when representatives of the 13 British colonies signed the Declaration of Independence, a separation from Great Britain.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:ISIS虽今非昔比仍死而不僵2018-07-05
The terrorist group ISIS is no longer the threat it used to be.Though it may be diminished, ISIS is far from defeated. As it loses ground in the Middle East, its fighters disperse to cause trouble all over the world, particularly in Muslim countries.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:为有需要的委内瑞拉人提供更多援助2018-07-04
The Venezuelan economy is in free fall, with soaring inflation and severe shortages of food, water, and medicine. Political opponents of the regime of Nicolas Maduro reportedly have been subjected to imprisonment and torture. Faced with such misery, hundr
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:建立与埃塞俄比亚的贸易伙伴关系2018-07-04
Under Secretary Kaplan led a group of representatives from 14 Advisory Council member firms, as well as officials from 11 U.S. government agencies, on a four nation visit that also included Kenya, Côte d'Ivoire, and Ghana.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:帮助尼泊尔建立初级卫生系统2018-07-03
The Barhabise Primary Health Care Center in Nepal, which was severely damaged in the 2015 earthquake, is the first health facility that was rebuilt with US Agency for International Development, or USAID funds.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA常速英语附字幕:美国国务卿:伊朗重启核计划后果自负2018-07-03
In a recent interview, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo warned that there would be dire consequences for Iran if the regime's leaders, Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and Qasem Soleimani, Commander of the IRGC Quds Force, restarted a nuclear weapons
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